Common name : Griffonia
Scientific name : Griffonia Simplicifolia
Local name (Liberia) : Glabler, Guoblo, Wawatoto
Local name (Ghana) : Kagya, atoo, poopoo
Griffonia simplicifolia plant is found principally in the West African countries of Ghana, Liberia, Ivory Coast and Togo. The plant is adapted to wide range of agro climatic conditions. It is common in the coastal plains as well as secondary forest. It thrives well on termite hills and on mountain slopes. In the coastal plains it grows as a shrub to a height of about 2 metres whilst in the forest zones it takes the form of climber around tall trees. There is no commercial cultivation of the plant but it is common to find Griffonia covering several hectares of land in the wild. Griffonia normally flowers between August and September and matures in late November to January.
Uses of Plant by Locals
Traditional uses of the plant include use of the stem and roots as chewing sticks, leaves for wound healing, and leaf juice as an enema and for the treatment of bladder and kidney ailments. A decoction of the stems and leaves provides relief from nausea and also treat congestion of the pelvis. Griffonia seed is also reputed to be an aphrodisiac, as well as an antibiotic and a remedy for diarrhea