Cananga odorata, known as the cananga tree (IndonesiankenangaThaikradangngaFilipinoilang-ilang), is a tropical tree that is native from India, through parts of IndochinaMalaysia, the Philippines and Indonesia, to Queensland, Australia. It is valued for the perfume extracted from its flowers, called ylang-ylang /ˈlæŋ ˈlæŋ/ EE-lahng-EE-lahng (a name also sometimes used for the tree itself), which is an essential oil used in aromatherapy. The tree is also called the fragrant cananga, Macassar-oil plant, or perfume tree. Its traditional Polynesian names include Mata‘oi (Cook Islands), Mohokoi (Tonga), Moso‘oi (Samoa), Moto‘oi (Hawaii), and MokosoiMokasoi or Mokohoi (Fiji).

The ylang-ylang vine (Artabotrys odoratissimus)and climbing ylang-ylang (Artabotrys hexapetalus) are woody, evergreen climbing plants in the same family. Artabotrys odoratissimus is also a source of perfume.